Cheapest electric bike

    Everything You Should Know About E-bike Classifications

    • By Bettina Wahl
    • Mar 07

    Electric bikes have become the go-to option for commuting and traveling, and more and more people have got their electric bikes. Riding the e-bike for your travel provides plenty of mental and physical you can utilize these e-bikes for your commute even if you are not a cycling enthusiast per se.

    There are three different classes for these e-bikes based on their designs and features. The regulations and offerings for these e-bikes change accordingly. Therefore, we recommend learning about them before purchasing your next electric bike.


    • 1.Why Do Electric Bikes Have Classification
    • 2.E-bike Classifications to know about
      • 2.1 Class 1 Electric Bike
      • 2.2 Class 2 Electric Bike
      • 2.3 Class 3 Electric Bike
    • 3.Bottom Line
    • 4.Maybe it will be helpful for you

    Why Do Electric Bikes Have Classification?

    It’s understandable if you don’t fully understand the e-bike classifications and what makes them different. Interestingly, more e-bike variants are now being introduced into the market because of higher demand. Statistics show there could be over 10 million e-bikes by the end of 2024. The market is expanding, making it crucial for manufacturers to create these bikes, keeping client requirements in mind.

    People are now widely accepting these electric motorbike as their transportation mode. These bikes have gained more popularity and some criticism. For instance, some people believe these bikes will negatively impact human lifestyle because of battery support, unlike traditional ones.

    However, the reality is the opposite. With the help of e-bikes, people dealing with weight management issues are readily cycling because they can swiftly away with the batteries installed in case they get tired or can’t go on. These e-bikes have resonated well with young and old customers, which is their primary reason for higher sales.

    One of the biggest challenges with riding these e-bikes is that there were no set rules regarding them earlier. Manufacturers could design and sell any e-bike they liked. However, the market trends have changed after the U.S. government issued a policy on August 30, 2019, and classified these e-bikes into their types.

    Electric bicycle sidecar

    E-bike Classifications to know about

    With the increasing popularity of these bikes, more e-bikes are now being manufactured annually. Here is the main classification and types of e-bikes you need to learn about. Have a look:

    Class 1 Electric Bike

    “Class 1 electric bicycle” is an e-bike that provides riding assistance when the riders are peddling. The motor stops operating otherwise. These e-bikes also stop generating energy for assistance when the e-bike reaches 20 mph.

    Therefore, any bike with a motor-assisted speed of 20 mph falls into this category. Riders can drive these e-bikes through narrow streets and populated areas because of their lower speed capacity. These e-bikes have a higher safety element as they can’t go too fast and have fewer chances of getting into a serious traffic collision.

    These bikes have the most flexible rules and regulations, making them ideal for nearby transport. You don’t need a license for these bikes, and there are no real safety precautions. However, individuals aged 17 or under must wear helmets before getting on the road.

    Class 2 Electric Bike

    “Class 2 electric bicycle” is the second classification of these e-bikes. It primarily includes bikes with motors attached to propel the bike. However, these bikes shouldn’t be able to assist once the vehicles reach a speed

    Considering the maximum motor-assisted speed of class 2 electric bikes, it is the same for both classes. Another prime difference between the two classes is that class 2 offers a basic throttle design, which you can use for traveling via electric power. It can run without pedaling, making it semi-electric.

    Related Reading: Everything You Should Know About E-bike Classifications

    Using the electric motor installed in these vehicles is pretty straightforward; you only have to twist the handlebar knob or make similar adjustments based on the designs. Similarly, you can press a button to free the pedal section and use it electrically.

    There’s no requirement for a license plate or a driving license to ride these e-bikes. However, Class 2 e-bike owners must wear a helmet on-road on these vehicles. These fat tire e bikes are best for commuting and holiday travel if we consider short to medium distances. The basic customer bases for these kinds of customers include the following:

    • Students
    • Office workers
    • Housewives

    These e-bikes are suitable for the following types of pathways:

    • Sidewalks
    • Roads
    • Bicycle lanes

    However, the rules may vary in case of some special regulations. In some cases, the throttle assist may damage some of the roads, making it necessary for drivers to keep them in mind whenever required.

    Class 3 Electric Bike

    “Class 3 electric bicycles” are bikes with a motor when the driver pedals. It assists the riders when the bike reaches the speed of 28 miles per hour. The definition of Class 1 and Class 3 e-bikes is mostly similar.

    Since the maximum assistive speed is 28 mph, it applies to Class 3 e-bikes requiring more effort. Since the Class 3 e-bikes have the potential for higher speeds, they have an age limitation, i.e. 16 years old.

    Moreover, the riders should also wear helmets at all times for added protection. Fortunately, you still don’t require a license plate or a driver’s license to ride these Class 3 vehicles.

    Electric bike off road

    There’s a decreased safety because of higher speed potential. Therefore, you can ride these Class 3 vehicles without permission. However, riders can try these Class 3 vehicles on highways alone. Or only the roads that are open for all kinds of transport. Do not try riding the Class 3 e-bikes at the following locations:

    • Trails
    • Regular bicycle paths
    • Pavements

    Keep in mind that these laws may vary from country to country and state to state. For instance, the regulations are different across the 50 American states, and you need to check each in detail before utilizing these e-bikes for the commute. Start by learning the local rules and always meet the legal requirements set before

    Bottom Line

    E-Bike classifications systematically distribute these transports based on their speeds, design, potentials, and features. The rules, regulations, and requirements for driving each e-bike vary.  

    Therefore, we recommend that you check your local state laws and obey them. It will help you ensure higher driving safety and get the best experience. For more questions, please consult the electric bicycle professional website or consult a professional.

    Maybe it will be helpful for you:


    Why were e-bike classifications introduced?

    E-bike classifications were introduced to regulate the different types and features of electric bikes and ensure compliance with safety standards.

    What is a Class 2 electric bike?

    Class 2 electric bikes have motors that assist with propulsion, but they do not provide assistance once the bike reaches a certain speed. They can be operated with or without pedaling.

    What is the maximum speed for Class 3 electric bikes?

    Class 3 electric bikes can provide assistance up to a maximum speed of 28 miles per hour when the rider is pedaling.

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