Ab 1774 Laws | Macfox
    California's AB 1774 introduces stricter e-bike regulations, prohibiting modifications and sale of speed-altering products.

    California's AB 1774: New E-Bike Laws Explained

    • By Macfox Bike
    • Jul 04

    On July 2, 2024, California Governor approved Assembly Bill 1774, marking a significant shift in the regulation of electric bicycles (e-bikes) within the state.

    A Simple Reply to AB 1774

    California has enacted AB 1774 to tighten regulations on electric bicycles (e-bikes). The new law prohibits illegal modifications that alter the speed of e-bikes and bans the sale of products designed to change their speed capabilities. Violations of these regulations will be considered criminal offenses, enforced by state and local authorities. Additionally, local governments will not receive state reimbursement for costs incurred due to the new regulations. These changes aim to enhance road safety and ensure the compliance and safety of e-bike usage.

    Key Changes Under AB 1774

    The newly enacted law amends Section 24016 of the California Vehicle Code, introducing stricter regulations for e-bikes.

    Here's a breakdown of the main changes:

    1. Illegal Modification Prohibited:

    The new law explicitly prohibits any tampering or modification that changes an e-bike's speed capabilities, unless the e-bike still meets the original definition and the correct classification label is replaced.

    This aims to ensure that e-bikes remain within the safety and performance standards set by law.

    A pertinent question here is: How will local authorities ensure that owners do not make illegal modifications to their e-bikes? Enforcement mechanisms and public awareness campaigns might be crucial in achieving this.

    1. Ban on Sale of Modification Products:

    AB 1774 also bans the sale of products or devices that can alter the speed capabilities of an e-bike, making it non-compliant with the defined standards.

    Considering that many such products are available online, how will the state prevent the sale of these items through online platforms? This raises concerns about the effectiveness of the ban and the steps required to monitor online sales.

    1. Enforcement and Local Program:

    Violations of these new rules will be considered criminal offenses, requiring enforcement by state and local authorities.

    What resources will be allocated to local authorities to ensure compliance and enforcement of these new regulations? The law stipulates the creation of a state-mandated local program, but details on implementation are still to be clarified.

    Legislative Background

    Assembly Bill 1774 was introduced by Assemblymember Dixon in response to increasing concerns about the safety and regulation of e-bikes.

    Under existing law, e-bikes are defined as bicycles equipped with fully operable pedals and an electric motor of less than 750 watts.

    The new bill clarifies and strengthens these regulations to prevent misuse and enhance public safety.

    Given the legislative background, what measures are in place to ensure manufacturers adhere to the new standards? This includes compliance checks and certification processes to uphold safety regulations.

    Financial and Local Government Impact

    While AB 1774 imposes new restrictions and enforcement responsibilities, it does not require state reimbursement to local governments for costs incurred.

    This is because the additional expenses are associated with the enforcement of new criminal offenses, which are excluded from state reimbursement under the California Constitution.

    How will local governments manage the financial burden of enforcing these new rules without state reimbursement? This question highlights the need for effective budgeting and resource allocation at the local level.

    Voting and Implementation

    The bill was passed with a majority vote, reviewed by the fiscal committee, and does not involve appropriations.

    The implementation of this law is expected to lead to safer roads and better-regulated use of e-bikes across California.

    What timeline has been set for the full implementation of AB 1774? Understanding the rollout period will help e-bike owners and manufacturers prepare for compliance.


    The passage of AB 1774 represents a proactive step by California legislators to address the evolving landscape of ebike usage.

    By preventing unsafe modifications and regulating the sale of related products, the state aims to ensure that e-bikes remain a safe and reliable mode of transportation for all users.

    As these new regulations come into effect, e-bike owners and manufacturers will need to stay informed and compliant with the updated legal standards to avoid penalties and contribute to safer roadways.

    In conclusion, several questions and considerations arise, such as how current e-bike owners can modify their existing bikes to meet the new standards and the specifics of penalties for non-compliance.

    Stay tuned for more updates on the implementation and impact of California's new e-bike regulations.

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